As one of the most popular and effective tanks of World War II, the Sherman has many faults. Though it is a powerful tank, the 76mm and 75mm cannons failed to penetrate the thick front armor of the German Panthers and Panzers. The tanks were also prone to failure at long ranges. This article will discuss some of the most common weaknesses of the Sherman tank.
First, it was difficult to design a tank that would meet the numerous requirements of the War Department. The Sherman’s development was rushed, with many parts reused from previous generations. Tank designs must meet many requirements, including protection, speed, mobility, firepower, ergonomics, reliability, and ease of manufacture. They must also trade off between reliability and flexibility. Because the Sherman was top heavy and its tracks were narrow, it was susceptible to flipping over on soft ground.
Another problem with the Sherman tank was that it was rushed into production without adequate trials. This made it unreliable in combat. This was especially important since it was the principal British tank in the Western Desert campaign, where sand and heat exacerbated its mechanical problems. As a result, it had to be adapted to withstand the tough environment. The most significant British adaptation was the Sherman Firefly.
The biggest flaw of the Sherman tank was its size and weight. The 76mm gun could only fire one way, and its heavy weight made it difficult to maneuver into an optimal firing position. While this meant that it couldn’t fire on the rear and side of the enemy, it was also difficult to move the tank and manoeuvre to another location. During a battle with the German Mark V Panther tanks, the crews faced many of these frustrating scenarios.
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